HOWTOs

Install Ubuntu Breezy to External USB Drive

"Since my first post on this topic, I have learned quite a bunch about the UBUNTU install process ... and managed to successfully load UBUNTU a number of times on my external USB drive. (Call me crazy, but I wanted to run the install a few times to make sure that what I was doing would work every time.)

I would like to share my updated outline with others who may also be struggling with this process.

BACKGROUND: I have an internal hard drive (western digital) already in my system with Windows XP Pro installed (which shows up initially as drive HDA in the UBUNTU partitioning phase of the install). My external USB drive is a Seagate 40GB Portable External Hard Drive that was purchased at Walmart for around $120

REQUIREMENTS: Make sure you have your bios set to boot the CDROM first and then the USB device, or you will have problems down in step 4. (Kudos to "joess" for pointing out my omission!) [...]"

http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=80811

Install Debian onto USB Flash Thumbdrive with the root partition encrypted

"This howto will cover the installation of a base Debian GNU/Linux system onto a USB flash thumbdrive with the root partition encrypted. It includes support for Cryptsetup with LUKS, Yaird and Udev.

So open your favorite root login shell and follow these steps!"

http://feraga.com/node/30

USB Keyfob Tutorial

"The purpose is to make your keyfob more useful. There are many uses for keyfobs, primarily storing files that you wish to have with you at any time, like addresses or contact info, lists of your favourite websites, and so on. One really useful thing is to be able to boot from your keyfob into any kind of operating system you wish, for any purpose you desire. Booting refers to "boot-strapping" your computer, which for you newbies kinda means "what happens when you start up your computer"."

http://fuzzymunchkin.dyndns.org/tdot/?page_id=632

Installing Debian Sarge from a USB memory stick

"Many Debian boxes need their floppy and/or CD-ROM drives only for setting up the system and for rescue purposes. If you operate some servers, you will probably already have thought about omitting those drives and using an USB memory stick for installing and (when necessary) for recovering the system. This is also useful for small systems which have no room for unnecessary drives."

http://d-i.pascal.at/

Making LiveOIO

"Starting with Knoppix 3.3 2003/11/04 version, following these steps will give you Live PosgreSQL, Zope, and OIO server software. In addition, you can run knx-hdinstall to produce a Debian-based OIO server complete with PostgreSQL etc in about 30 minutes!"

http://sourceforge.net/docman/display_doc.php?docid=19281&gr...

How-To build a Live-CD

"Inhaltsverzeichnis

* 1 Einleitung
* 2 Systemvorraussetzungen
o 2.1 Sammlung von "random stuff"
+ 2.1.1 links:
+ 2.1.2 skripte
* 3 Apt repository/Debian Packages
o 3.1 Apt-repository
o 3.2 Debian Packages
* 4 Boot Menue
* 5 usplash
o 5.1 .png erzeugen
o 5.2 .so erzeugen
o 5.3 fuer die live-cd verwenden
o 5.4 im installierten system verwenden
* 6 Firefox"

http://pluto.htu.tuwien.ac.at/How-To_build_a_Live-CD - German

Gentoo HOWTO AutoLiveCD

"The project essentially relies on a set of scripts added to the normal LiveCD. To achieve this aim, I 'unpacked' the ISO by mounting it and copying the files from it to my hard drive. I then extracted the files from the the livecd.squashfs loopback filesystem that was in the ISO. This makes up the bulk of the LiveCD root. The initrd is stored in isolinux/gentoo.igz, which is a gzipped ext2 loopback filesystem. I made a few small modifications to that, but I won't document them until they're finished, as they're not very big, but may change."

http://gentoo-wiki.com/HOWTO_AutoLiveCD

HOWTO SSHD Enabled Gentoo Livecd

"This article will explain how you can modify Gentoo installation cd to accept ssh connections with public key authentication straight from boot. Modified cd could be used to install Gentoo without keyboard and display."

http://gentoo-wiki.com/HOWTO_SSHD_enabled_livecd

How To Customize the Ubuntu Dapper Desktop CD

"This guide is mainly based on the LiveCDCustomization, but some parts of the building process are specific for Ubuntu 6.06 LTS (Dapper Drake) so I decided to help those people who want to build a Desktop CD based on an official ISO.

Why? Well, because some people want to create specialized Desktop CDs to show off a particular application or localized to a certain language. If you can think of anything else that can be done, please add it."

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/LiveCDCustomization/6.06

Creating an FlameRobin/Firebird Live CD

"creating an flamerobin/firebird live cd [DONE]

follow the guide

https://wiki.ubuntu.com/LiveCDCustomizationHowToDapper

in the Customization part (after you do sudo chroot edit)
I decomented the two lines in /etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu dapper universe
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu dapper universe [...]"

http://flamerobin.blogspot.com/2006/05/creating-flamerobinfi...

How To Customize the Hoary/Breezy Ubuntu Live CD

"Here we try to explain how to build a customized Ubuntu LiveCD based on the new Live CD infrastructure (first used in the HoaryHedgehog[/BreezyBadger/DapperDrake] development cycle). The method will be to modify an already existing CD and re-build it. This way is less flexible, but avoids most of the (really unnecessary) complexity of building CDs from scratch.

Why? Well, because some people want to create specialized Live CDs to show off a particular application or localized to a certain language. If you can think of anything else that can be done, put it on the wiki."

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/LiveCDCustomization

How to Create a Live ISO Using rBuilder Online

"You can use rBuilder Online to easily create Live ISO-9660 images containing your own derivative distribution. The resulting image can be written to CD or DVD, and the distribution booted and run directly from the disc. This guide will introduce the concepts involved, and cover the general process for creating an image."

http://wiki.conary.com/wiki/Conary:Live_ISO

KNOPPIX Terminal Server over SMB/CIFS

"Well, I like Knoppix very much, so much that even though I'm a Debian developer who runs pure Debian distros on his machines, when I have to make tests on new machines or run linux on machines that are not mine, I love to use Knoppix for this. In fact, one of the things I like the most is the Knoppix terminal server, I like it so much that I set it up on my main Debian server so that I can start Knoppix out of the net whenever I want, and it really rocks.

However there was something I didn't like about Knoppix terminal server, and it is the fact that you need NFS to serve the cd filesystem to the clients, and I really dislike NFS, so... I thought, would it be posible to use an unmodified Knoppix cd image and still boot it out of the net without using NFS? The answer is YES!"

http://knoppix.manty.net/

MINIMIX Debian/GNU Linux 3.1 LiveCD HOWTO

"In this Howto you will learn like simply it are their own live CD from a the Scratch to be provided. It is divided into three sections.

In the section 1 explained like one is installed a Debian basic system by Qemu and entpakt with lomount. I have myself consciously approximately debootstrap decided because I the opinion am which one the expiration with Qemu better understand. In addition the Qemu is simpler variant to handle. They can download the result of section 1 in form of a tar.bz2 Archives (121 MT).

In the section 2 we come then on the point. We provide step by step own live CD. The finished live CD can download you here (227,9 MT).

In the section 3 I explain as simply and fast one MINIMIX rem asters and to install can.

This HOWTO is constantly updated and improved, if someone has an idea like one it make better could please answer-gives."

"In diesem Howto werden Sie lernen wie einfach es ist eine eigene Live CD from the Scratch zu erstellen. Es ist in drei Abschnitte unterteilt."

http://www.minimix.ch/debian-live/ (German)

http://www.minimix.ch/debian-live/files/minimix-core.tar.bz2

http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&u=http://w...

Ubuntu Live Speedup Remaster

"We often use LiveCD (and particularly the Ubuntu one) for demonstrations during Free Software promotion events. However, the user experience is often quite bad, because LiveCD are slow, due to the poor speed of CD-ROM devices. As many of the computers we use in our meetings are connected through a 100 Mbit/s network, we had the idea of replacing the slow CD-ROM drive by a fast network connection.

Briefly, what does the Ubuntu LiveCD is the following:

- Boot a kernel
- It loads an initrd as a ramdisk, which contains a basic system
- It mounts this ramdisk as the root filesystem
- It configures some basic devices on the machine, mainly to detect CD-ROM devices
- Then executes some script to mount the CD-ROM, and then mount the casper/filesystem.cloop file of the CD-ROM (a compressed filesystem) as the new filesystem root.
- And the show goes on.

Our idea is simply to replace the mount of the CD-ROM by the mount of a NFS share (which is basically a copy of LiveCD). In order to do that, we need to tweak the initrd. These operations are described in the following section.

The following work has been performed with an Ubuntu Breezy Live CD. The modifications and server operations have been made on a Debian Sid system. Adaptations might be needed for other versions."

http://thomas.enix.org/pub/livecd/HOWTO-Ubuntu-Live-Speedup

The ROCK Linux Hacking HowTo

"This document describes how to extend and modify the ROCK Linux Build Scripts.

You need to know shell scripting well to understand the techniques described in this document. Some practise with building and installing software on UNIX systems might also help.

Use the existing code (packages, targets, etc.) as examples. The explanations given here are often very brief and looking at the code might help you to understand."

http://www.rocklinux.org/wiki/The_ROCK_Linux_Hacking_HowTo

Creating a Target in Rock Linux

"A target in ROCK terms is a set of rules to build a distribution. This can range from a simple selection of packages to be built over a more complex target that changes the default rules of single packages (for example, removes GNOME support in licq because it's a KDE target) to a sophisticated, small size livesystem that fits an all-purpose X server, an OpenGL GUI and mplayer into just 25 MB of space."

http://www.rocklinux.org/wiki/Creating_Targets

Building and Customizing Rock Linux

"First off, this section does not cover the creation of distributions, but building and customising existing ones. [...]

Before you start building a distribution - just as before you start anything else in life - you must know what you want to do. There are many things you can do in ROCK, some are obvious, some are not. Here's an (incomplete) list of things you can do:

* optimise for a given processor
* cross compile for another architecture
* create live systems for working from a ROM-device
* create highly specialised systems that do one thing and one thing only
* select default programs for given task:
o cups vs. lprng
o sendmail vs. exim vs postfix
o colored init vs. plain init
o ...

Many of these things you don't have to do, but you can and you should keep that in mind during the next steps."

http://www.rocklinux.org/wiki/Building

Customizing Dynebolic 2.0 DHORUBA

"Dynebolic is a live CD distro packed with tools for working with sound and video files. Dynebolic uses the Squashfs filesystem to fit a lot of applications into a small space, along with a speed-tweaked kernel and the tools to perform well on low-end equipment. The upcoming Dyne:II release also lets you add and remove tools to create your own custom version of the distro. Here's how."

http://www.linux.com/article.pl?sid=06/05/23/1930225

Remastering Ubuntu Dapper Drake

A step-by-step, command line howto for remastering Ubuntu Dapper Drake.

"Preparation, Setting up the new system, Preparing for the CD, Influencing the live installer, Compresssing the file system, Making the CD image"

http://wiki.oss-watch.ac.uk/UbuntuDapper/Remaster

DSL RAM-Remaster HOWTO

A Damn Small Linux (DSL) remaster howto using only RAM (no hard drive needed).

http://www.damnsmalllinux.org/talk/node/160

Remastering DSL: A Short HOWTO with a Long Preamble

"This is a short, simple HOWTO explaining how to Remaster Damn Small Linux [...] My purpose in writing this article is to offer additional instructions for those who find a raw list of terminal commands intimidating, to demonstrate why remastering CDs is useful, and to partially explain what those console commands are actually doing. If all you want to know is how to remaster a DSL CD, skip to the last section, or just click on the link above."

Damn Small Linux - Short Remaster HOWTO

Customizing a (K)Ubuntu 6.04 Linux Live CD

"This tutorial reflects a work I had to do in the last days: I had to build a modified Kubuntu live CD, using the latest "Kubuntu 6.04 Flight3" (to use a 2.6.15 kernel). The system had to boot in console mode, defaulting to the Italian "Standard" keyboard layout, running an SSH server and having partimage (client and server).

I started this work using this tutorial by Prof. Dr. Reinhard Schiedermeier, who modified an older version of Ubuntu: the main difference was the use of cloop filesystem, instead of the squashfs used in 6.04 Flight3."

http://www.atworkonline.it/~bibe/ubuntu/custom-livecd.htm

ftp://ftp.akl.lt/Linux/Ubuntu/ (mirror)

DSS Live HowTo Debootstrap Mode

"Okay, let's try to create our own Debian Etch live-cd! This is the way I did it (with a lot of help from nomed) but if there are better ways, please share.."

http://www.dsslive.org/mediawiki/index.php/HowTo:_Debootstra...

Howto Install the base GNU/Linux system onto a USB Thumbdrive

"This howto will explain how to install the base Debian GNU/Linux system onto a USB thumbdrive.

So open your favorite root login shell and follow these 12 simple steps!"

http://feraga.com/node/25

DSSLive How To: Lazy Mode

"This dsslive cutomization is called:

* The Lazy Mode

It's the best approach for people that want to have in just few steps their own custom module. The following modules will be used:

* base
* kernel"

http://www.dsslive.org/mediawiki/index.php/How_To:_Lazy_Mode

draklive

"draklive builds a live distribution according to a configuration file, creates a master image, and optionally installs it on a device.

draklive's philosophy is to keep the live distribution as close as possible to a normal Mandriva Linux distribution. All specific live tweaks are done in a very tiny initrd script. Since this one is generated on the fly, it's very small, and gets quite easy to debug.

The list of drivers included in the initrd is adjusted during the live distribution creation, according to the medium type. draklive uses the DrakX libraries to have an up-to-date drivers list. [...]

Once the initrd script is done booting, the root device will be used transparently by the distribution, without any additional tricks.

Hardware detection is done with harddrake, providing a reliable integration.

Features

* live CD
* live distribution on USB key
* easy to test over NFS
* uses the Mandriva installer to create the live system
* fully read-write live system (using unionfs)
* automatic hardware configuration (using harddrake)
* generic code structure to make new technical choices usable quickly"

http://qa.mandriva.com/twiki/bin/view/Main/DrakLive

http://cvs.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/gi/tools/draklive

Booting KANOTIX from a USB-Stick

"I wanted to boot my new KANOTIX versions from a USB stick and furthermore, to save my data on USB stick (also under Windows). However, I wanted to change as little as possible from the CD version. Since this might necessarily also interests other Linux fans, you will find below a short description of the variant I run:"

http://wiki.kanotix.net/CoMa.php?CoMa=usb-stickEN

LiveCD Collection

This is an example of a Multi-boot LiveCD/DVD.

"There are a lot of Live CD Linux's versions, some of them based in diferents ditributions other in the same and other based en other LiveCD, so if you are like me, you have a collection of CD's and floppys. I decided to create a CD/DVD where I can have some LiveCD's and floppy programs that I have untudy in the box. This could be usefull or useless depending the person, but if you want to create this CD/DVD here you are the method I have used. [...]

The zip file to download, contains one script to create a booteable CD/DVD image with mkisofs in the directory where we have unzipped the file. The CD/DVD will use Grub as a boot loader.
Along with the script there is a folder named /dvd/ in this folder we are going to put the files corresponding for each distribution we want to include. Inside the folder dvd there is among others a folder named /boot/. The boot folder contain a folder for each distribution where we will place the kernel and initrd of each distribution.."

http://www.nautopia.net/archives/es/linux_distribuciones/cus...

http://www.nautopia.net/estaticos/descargas/customlivecd.zip

Building a Gentoo-based LiveCD or LiveDVD

"I've received a number of emails from people asking me to explain them how to create their own Gentoo-based LiveCD/DVD. This blog entry discusses how to build your own Gentoo-based LiveCD.

In a previous blog entry I've explained how a LiveCD works. One of the requirements for building your own LiveCD is that you have Linux installed. You don't need to have Gentoo installed to build a Gentoo LiveCD. This article does require some familiarity with Gentoo concepts such as stages, the Gentoo Portage tree and the Gentoo startup-item system."

http://www.metadistribution.org/blog/Blog/E4917C00-34F7-4F3D...

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