Build a Custom OpenZaurus ROM for the Zaurus PDA

"Howto build a custom ROM for the Zaurus. Note: Following this howto has the potential of making a nice paperweight out of your Zaurus. Do this at your own risk. There are no guarantees that this will work. Whether or not you upgrade your filesystem, you'll have to do a hard reset during this process, and so you're going to lose all of your data, and any applications you've installed yourself. Now would be a good time to backup anything that you want to keep.

1 Overview
2 Acquiring a ROM
3 Sharp ROM
4 Using an Open Zaurus ROM
5 Ripping the ROM
6 Getting The Filesystem from the ROM
7 Creating the Base for the new ROM.
8 Go Wild with Modifications.
9 Building the ROM
10 Installing the new ROM on the Zaurus"

Making a Multiple-Boot CD

"I want this article to be easy, practical and intelligible for beginners, too, and I'd like to avoid too technical language that is not understood by many of us. This will help attract readers of various sort.

A bootable CD is based upon the so-called El Torrito standard - but there are other sites that explain this. [...]

An important information for us will be that we may have up to 10 bootable operating systems on a CD that we may boot anywhere where the boot ability is supported by BIOS. The bootable ISO image file may be created with 1.44MB diskette emulation, 2.88MB diskette emulation, or hard disk emulation."

Creating a Fedora Core 4 LiveCD

"How hard is it to create a Fedora Core LiveCD ?

The (short) answer is: not too hard, but it can take quite an amount of time - depending on the desired/required system features.

This article shows how to create a basic Fedora Core 4 based LiveCD using the livecdrpms core set provided by, and fedora core installation on another harddisk partition.

Following the concepts, methods and tools described in this article, it will take between 1 and 3 hours to create a basic console-only livecdsystem which can easely adapted and extended."

Gentoo Linux LiveUSB HOWTO

"This document explains how to create an unofficial Gentoo Linux LiveUSB or, in other words, how to emulate a Gentoo Linux LiveCD using an USB flash disk. This is particularly useful for installing Gentoo Linux on a computer with no CD-ROM drive.

While the instructions found in this document aims at emulating a Gentoo LiveCD using an USB flash drive, they should work for any arbitrary block device as long as you adjust the device names accordingly."

Microdrive Linux - To make a live cd

"# Get the Microdrive Linux Live script set from above.
# Untar the files to a directory.
# Make a kernel appropriate for live cd.

* needs initrd, ramdisk and ext2
* preferably also support basic devices as below. [ cd, devfs, framebuffer, vesa etc ]
* No hard and fast rules. Afterall it's your damn cd!

# Copy the kernel to ./src/bzImage ..."

Gentoo HOWTO LiveCD on disk

"This HowTo teaches you how to put a working copy of the Gentoo Minimal LiveCD into the first partition of your harddrive. This is useful for installing servers remotely or for laptop users."

Building a custom GoboLinux LiveCD

"This is a basic how-to that guides someone that wants to hack on the GoboLinux live/installation CD. The process is really easy, and has evolved through the last releases."

HowTo Metadistros

"Esta es una guía sencilla de cómo hacerse una distribución basada en el sistema Metadistros. No se va a profundizar en cómo funciona o el el sistema mismo, sino en la manera actual más sencilla de hacerlo. Dado que el proyecto no está acabado y anda en plena evolución, lo que aquí se diga es más que probable que cambie en unas semanas. Así que éste documento seguirá esa evolución. Es por ello que le recomiendo que busque la versión más actual del mismo."

Customizing an Ubuntu Hoary Hedgedog Live Cd

"The following instructions are based on those found at and allowed me to do the trick..."

Ubuntu Wiki LiveCDPersistence

"Here's how to set up a USB memory device (or a disk partition, for that matter) as a persistent Copy-On-Write overlay for the Dapper LiveCD."

mkCDrec howto

"The reason of this howto is mainly to provide a written guidance for the end-user, as most people prefer to have a piece of paper in front of them instead of staring at the web pages."

Step by Step: Create MCNLive On A Stick

"Your Pocket OS: MCNLive On A USB Flashdrive

Running a LiveCD is great, booting and running from a USB Flashdrive is sweet! It's fast. It's handy. It's beautiful. It's secure. And it's silent, no noisy harddrive or optical drive activity."

Finnix Remastering HOWTO

"This is a guide that will show you how to remaster finnix-86.1-pre1.iso [...]


1. Host System Requirements
2. LiveCD's structure
3. My working environment
4. Mount the work partition, create directories
5. Uncompress FINNIX file
6. Copy CD's contents into fxcd
7. Install mksquashfs
8. chroot into fxhd
9. Install any programs (example)
10. Modify the "finnix-autoconfig" file
11. Compress FINNIX file
12. Do md5sum of FINNIX file
13. Create ISO file
14. Burn and test"

Custom Ubuntu Linux Live-CD

"This text describes how to create a customized Ubuntu Linux Live-CD. It took me some time to figure this out, and maybe it is helpful for you, too. [...]

1 Copy the Ubuntu Linux Live-CD
2 Free space (I)
3 Mount the compressed filesystem
4 Create an image for the modified compressed filesystem
5 Copy the compressed filesystem
6 Free space (II)
7 Add new software
8 Finish the modified filesystem
9 Build the modified compressed filesystem
10 Create the new Live-CD"

How To Remaster Amarok LiveCD

"How To Remaster (the easy way)

If you want to create your own amaroK livecd, with your own music on it, there are 3 basic ways that it can be done. The first way, and the most complex, requires a separate partition to extract the cd to. You can then boot into it and install/remove programs as well as files. The second way uses a pair of scripts that can be run from the command line, that do not require any spare partitions. The last, and easiest, way, is using the amaroK script amarok_live (which wraps the two command line scripts)."

Remaster Puppy Linux with remaster-livecd

"PuppyLinuxWiki : RemasterThings [...] (experimental, not yet tested by me in real burning and booting, the main difference is that it doesn't touch usr_cram.fs, the changes to folder /usr goes to usr_more.sfs, very fast, the remaster is done in a minute or two)"

Notes on remastering an Ubuntu CD

"I want to take the Hoary CD, remove all the graphical stuff, install a preseed ("answers") file for the installer, add some components from universe, and have a nice neat firewall-on-a-CD."

Auto-Building Morphix Modules

"In this last hack, we will take a look at Module Maker, or MMaker, a tool for autobuilding Morphix modules."

Knoppix Remastering Hacks

"There are so many howtos cropping up, each with individual tips and customization examples for Knoppix remasters, that it seems good to have a place to put generic tips, no matter how you go about remastering, be it using scripts, completely by hand, or via a HD install, Morphix, etc... Please add your tips and example "hacks" here."

Remastering Knoppix Using Two Hosts

"Instructions for remastering [Knoppix] using two hosts; one always-up Linux system, and a test system booted occasionally.

The first system, called the remastering host, should be generously configured, running Debian GNU/Linux, with at least 3Gb of free disk space and a CD burner. A chroot shell on this host will be used as the remastering environment. The host should include a DHCP server, Apache server, an external internet connection and apt-proxy.

The second system, called the test host, should be CD bootable and connected via network to the remastering host. It will be used to obtain the Knoppix filesystem from the distribution CD, and to test booting of the remastered Knoppix CD burned by the remastering host. The hard disk of the test host will not be used; unless a swap partition is available."

Knoppix Custom Kernel Howto

"This document is a supplement to the Remastering Howto. In is in no way a replacement for it. [...] This document has hopefully shed some light on the somewhat esoteric process of replacing the stock Knoppix kernel with a custom kernel. Chances are if you are replacing the kernel, you are also going to be hacking around with the knoppix scripts, so here are a couple of things I have learned [...]"

Building Debian CD-ROMS Part 1 - dfsbuild

"dfsbuild is a relatively recent tool which allows you to build livecds based upon Debian. It's intended purpose is to allow you to install Debian from scratch, but because it is a simple means of building livecds it is useful for people who use Debian and don't wish to reinstall.

This is the first of two systems we're going to look at for building directly bootable, custom, Debian CD-ROMs the other being bootcd next time. [...]

If you're wondering what you'd use a bootable Debian CD-ROM for then here are a couple of suggestions:

* Use as a rescue disk in case you render your machine unbootable.
* Use to install Debian on a new machine.
* Creating a booting disk which will serve as a webserver, mounting the documents its serving via NFS.
* Acting as a proxy server, or traffic sniffer in a simple manner.
* Testing a potentially compromised machine without disturbing it."

QEMU-Puppy: A Personal Portable Computer

QEMU-Puppy is an OS and a set of applications on a USB memory stick. This OS can be booted natively, or on top of an other, already installed, OS. Just borrow a PC, boot your own environment and return the PC unaffected. [...]

A bootable USB memory stick has some disadvantages as well. First of all, not every PC is able to boot from USB. Second, if the machine does boot from USB, not all hardware is detected or configured properly, since the hardware "changes" every day. Third, booting from USB "locks" the machine: It's either the natively installed OS or your OS, not both at the same time.

To get rid of these disadvantages, you can carry your own machine as well, not only your files, your applications and your OS. You can do this by buying a laptop. But it's expensive, a physical burden and risky. The USB memory stick is cheap, light and easier to protect. A virtual machine, like QEMU, is cheap, light and easy to protect as well. With such a virtual machine, we are able to boot our OS on top of the natively installed OS. Now we have two OS's running concurrently on one machine! ALT-TAB is enough to hide your machine and get back to work...

The tricky part is trying to have the OS on your USB memory stick to be able to boot natively, as well as in a virtual machine. But it can be done. And that's what this document is all about..."

Remastering Knoppix

"While at SCALE, I did a presentation on remastering Knoppix."

How to make a bootable Debian CD

"This guide will hopefully help you to make your own bootable CD with Debian (or another Linux dist). The root file system is loaded as a RAM disk, which means that the CD is not used after the boot procedure, and can be removed if needed. This approach saves the CDROM reader from hard work, but requires a lot of memory."

How To Customize a Gnoppix Live CD

"Here follows an explanation on how to build a customized LiveCD from Gnoppix. The method we use include modifying an already existing CD and rebuilding it. It may be less flexible, but avoids most of the (really unecessary) complexity of building CDs from scratch.

Why remaster? Well, some people want to create specialized Live CDs to show off a particular application, create a rescue CD, make a company network ready PC, or localize to a certain language. If you can think of anything else that can be done, put it on the wiki."

Custom Fedora Bootable CD

"This page is about making your own bootable (Fedora) Linux CDs. You may need this information if you're creating your own "live CD" or otherise making some sort of software installer that you want to provide on CD.

In my case, I've made a CD that installs a system with a pre-defined Linux image. The image is specific to a small number of hardware variants, each running exactly the same software. That means I can literally "clone" one system onto the next (and changing IP addresses etc once that's done). [...]

In short, you will need:

* Some sort of linux image that will ultimately appear on the CD
* The isolinux software
* An initrd image for the kernel your CD will be using
* A stack of blank CDs - you're bound to make a few mistakes along the way!
* Lots of testing and development time! (including a machine to work with, of course)"

Installing Debian onto USB flash media with everything encrypted

"This is a simple procedure for installing Debian GNU/Linux onto a USB key flash media. It includes several configuration changes but tries to stay as close to a default debian install as possible.

This is useful for administrators that need to carry sensitive information or people concerned about their privacy.

This was tested on Debian Sid and Knoppix 3.8"

Create a LiveCD with Mandriva Limited Edition 2005

"This step by step HowTo describes how you can master a LiveCD from an installed system. You should be familiar with: doing basic works on command line, setup additional software sources on a Mandrake system, using 'urpmi' to install and remove software."

Making a Livecd by Remastering Feather Linux

"Making your own custom cd under linux is not hard. The page below presents step by step instructions on how to do it, and how to modify your livcd project once you have started it. I used feather linux as the starting point for my distro, although there is very little resemblance remaining to it now! You can use any knoppix based distribution to similar good effect."

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